A prune is the dried fruit of the Prunus domestica or European Plum. In the USA it is increasingly known as the dried plum.
Plums may be one of the first fruits domesticated by humans. Three of the most abundant cultivars are only found around human settlements: Prunus domestica has been traced to East European and Caucasian mountains. Plum remains have been found in Neolithicage archaeological sites along with olives, grapes and figs
They are a good source of phenols, which help to prevent oxygen damage to cells. Their soluble fibre slows down absorption of glucose, stabilising blood-sugar levels. Prunes are one of the best foods for vitamin K, vital for strong bones and blood clotting.
In 2011The EU ruled that prunes do not have a laxative effect and producers cannot say that they do